Parliament Acts (Lords)

Where a Bill has fallen because it has been endorsed by the Commons but opposed repeatedly by the Lords, the Parliament Acts may be used. The Acts – the first in 1911 and the second in 1949 – allow for a Bill to become law without the agreement of the Lords when certain conditions have been met. The conditions are that the Bill has been introduced and passed by the Commons in two consecutive Sessions and that the Lords have on both occasions actively prevented its passage.