issue brief

Labour Leadership

What is the Labour leadership? The Labour party leader heads the Parliamentary Labour Party (PLP) and is appointed as Prime Minister when the party holds a majority in the House of Commons. In practice, the leader shapes the direction and policy of the party. Tony Blair led the Labour party from 1994 but announced after...Read More

Landfill Tax

Landfill Tax is an environmental tax paid on top of normal landfill rates by any company, local authority or other organisation that wishes to dispose of waste in landfill.Read More

Local government structure

Local government in England operates under either a one tier system - unitary authorities, or a two tier system - county and district councils.Read More

London 2012 Olympics

The International Olympic Committee voted in July 2005 for London to hold the 2012 Olympics and Paralympics, with the majority of facilities centred in the capital but many other locations hosting events, training villages and support facilities. Read More

London airports expansion

London airports have seen continued passenger growth since the end of 2008 and London's three largest airports (Heathrow, Gatwick and Stansted) are all expected to be at capacity by 2030. This predicted growth in demand has prompted a national debate on how best to provide more capacity in the future for London and the South East.Read More

London government

"Greater London" comprises 32 London Boroughs and the historic City of London.Read More